Business English Vocabulary Builder: Powerful Idioms, Sayings and Expressions

Idioms and fixed expressions-general

 Idioms are fixed expressions that usually have a meaning that is not clear or obvious. Individual words often do not help us find meaning. The expression of discomfort in the weather, that is, discomfort, is a typical expression. Words don't tell you what they mean, but context usually helps.

A. Tips for using idioms 

Think of idioms as a single word. Always write down the entire sentence in your notebook, along with information about grammar and collocation.

example: This bottle-opener has seen better days {It's pretty old and broken. Usually, the always full tense of things} idioms are usually more informal and contain elements of personal comment about the situation. They are sometimes humorous or ironic. Just like the unofficial "comment" word, be careful about how you use it. Do not use them to sound "fluent" or "good" in English. Don't say in a formal situation with strangers" How do you do, Mr. Andy. Do take the weight off your feet" instead say " Do sit down" or 'have a seat'. Idioms can be grouped in different ways. Use the method that you find most helpful in remembering them. The possible types of grouping are:

Grammatical : get the wrong end of the stick  (Misunderstanding) Pull quickly {trick / deceive someone} {engage your nose} delight {very happy / exhilarating} fallen into a dump {depressed / low} reddish {balance the  negative sky Have}

By morning e.g. Idioms describing people's character intellect. He's as draft as a brush ( very stupid/silly) He takes the biscuit (is the extreme / the worth of all ) You're a pain in the neck ( a nuisance/ difficult person) 

By Verb or another Key word. e.g. Idioms with make I don't see why you have to make a meal out of everything. ( I exaggerate the importance of- everything. I think we should make a move. It's gone ten o'clock. ( go/leave ). Most politicians are on the make. I don't trust any of them. ( wanting money/ power for oneself ). 

B. Grammar of Idioms When using idioms, it is important to know the flexibility of the grammar. Some are stronger than others. for example, barking up the wrong tree ( be mistaken ) is always used in a continuous, not simple form. e.g. I think you're barking up the wrong tree. A good dictionary may help but it is best to observe the grammar in real examples.

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The Great Book of American Idioms: A Dictionary of American Idioms, Sayings, Expressions & Phrases, pub-0635550082769608, DIRECT, f08c47fec0942fa0