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What is Simple Present Tense

What is Simple Present Tense

One part of the tenses is the Simple Present Tense. We often hear this term, but what does the Simple Present Tense actually mean?

In simple terms, the Simple Present Tense is a tense (time) that describes an event or action that is happening now, or that happens regularly. Simple Present Tense also describes an action related to facts and habits. Simple Present Tense is also part of tenses: Present Tense, which is a sentence that uses the present tense.

Some rules for using the Simple Present Tense are as follows:

1. In Verbal sentences, the use of the Simple Present Tense can be done in the following ways:

a. Positive Sentences ( + ) or statement sentences, namely sentences that do not state 'not', namely using the word Not in the sentence, as well as sentences that are not in the form of asking questions.


They go with us                       
She is here with me                  
This food is tasty    

b. Negative Sentences ( - ) or sentences that say 'no' in the sentence. In this sentence form, the auxiliary verb 'do or does' + not is needed to express the meaning of 'No' in the sentence. The use of ' do or does ' is adjusted to the subject used.

Look at the example:

 I do not ( don't ) go with you.
 You do not ( don't ) go with me.
They do not ( don't ) go with you.
We do not ( don't ) go with you.
Mr. Alif and I do not go there.

Pay attention to the part in bold, namely the subject and the auxiliary verb do. But it's different if we use the auxiliary verb 'does':

He does not ( doesn't ) go with you.
She does not ( doesn't ) go with me.
It does not ( doesn't ) go with you.
Mr. Alif does not ( doesn't ) go there.

c. Sentence Question. In this form of sentence the use of the auxiliary verb ' do or does ' no longer uses the word 'not'. However, the use of ' do or does ' is mentioned or used before the subject and then followed by the object or description.

Example :

Do I go with you ?.
Do you go with me ?.
Do they go with you ?.
Do we go with you?.
Do Mr. Alif and I   go there ?.

Does he go with you ?.
Does she go with me ?.
Does it go with you ?.
Does Mr. Alif go there ?.

Notes :
For Verbal sentences in the Simple Present Tense, always use verbs of the Irregular Verbs and Regular Verbs types. The verb used is an Infinitive (V1) type of verb, you can see this type of verb in printed English dictionaries which generally attach a list of these two types of verbs.

2. Sentences in the form of the Simple Present Tense are used in non-verbal (Nominal) sentences that use the auxiliary verb in the be form. The sentence can be used in the following sentences:

a. In Positive (+) sentences, use the be form after the subject and do not use verbal verbs.

Example :

Rino is a student
He is a smart student
She is Rino's friend
They are friend
It is a book
Rino and Rini are in the classroom

Notes :

Be form 'is' is used to indicate the subject is singular. While 'are' is used for plural subject, i.e. more than one person or thing mentioned. Pay attention to each subject used. The subject is the person or thing that is spoken of in the sentence.

b. In negative sentences (-), use the form be after the subject follow the word not and do not use verbal verbs.

Example :

Rino is not ( isn't) a student

He is not a smart student

She is not Rino's friend

They are not ( aren't) friend

It is not a book

Rino and Rini are not in the classroom

Notes :

The words isn't and aren't are abbreviated forms of the words 'is not' and 'are not'.

a. In the Question (?) sentence, the be form is placed before the subject and does not use a verbal verb.

Example :

Is Rino  a student ?
Is he a smart student ?
Is she Rino's friend ?
Are they friend ?
Is it a book ?
Are Rino and Rini in the classroom ?

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The Great Book of American Idioms: A Dictionary of American Idioms, Sayings, Expressions & Phrases, pub-0635550082769608, DIRECT, f08c47fec0942fa0